Good lighting can put off or draw attention to a thief. To protect your home, you should carefully design your lighting both interior and exterior, also referred to as home security lighting. Also, on timers when it starts to get dark will probably be useful too.
Single Family Home Security Lighting
Light up the perimeter of your home during the night, including entrances, rear doors, and dark areas. Lighting is a deterrent for someone who is tempted to commit a crime.
The best place for outside lighting is under the eaves, illuminating the walls, and by gates and driveways. Motion sensors are not as effective as dusk-to-dawn lighting as they can be set off easily and frequently by animals, thus desensitizing the residents to their activation.
Multi-Family Home Security Lighting
In addition to the suggestions above, illuminate aisles, passageways, and recesses within the building complex with a maintained minimum of at least a quarter of a foot candle at the ground level after dark. Maintain a minimum of one foot-candle of light on the ground surface after dark.
To protect the fixtures against vandalism and weather, install protective covers. Ensure that surrounding landscaping does not obscure the lighting.
Lighting Timers and Sensors
Install a timer or photoelectric cell (sensor) on outdoor light fixtures so that they turn on automatically at dusk and go off at dawn. Or, simply convert your wall switch to an electric timer.
Light Sources Available
Incandescent or halogen lamps live short lives and are fairly expensive to operate. The advantages are that they produce a bright light, are easy to control, and are compact.
Florescent lamps are less expensive to operate than incandescent or halogen and last longer. Though they put out a good light, they are more difficult to direct.
Mercury vapor lamps require fewer fixtures to illuminate an area, but have a shorter life. They provide excellent light, are easy to direct, control, and they are compact.
High-pressure sodium vapor lamps require fewer fixtures and have a low operating cost; however the fixtures themselves are expensive. They are an excellent light source, are easy to direct and control and are compact.
Low-pressure sodium lamps are the least expensive to operate. The fixtures themselves are expensive, but few are required. They are easy to direct and control but produce a yellow light-reducing clarity. They are longer in size. These yellow lights are often used to prevent loitering.